Hapacol Sủi

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Analgesic antipyretic, effervescent tablets
Barcode: 8935206094749
Description

HAPACOL SỦI

COMPOSITION:

Paracetamol .............................  500 mg

Excipients.q.s............................. 1 tablet

(Tartaric acid, anhydrous citric acid, aspartame, PVP K30, anhydrous lactose, sodium bicarbonate, effersoda, acesulfame potassium, orange-flavored powder, sodium benzoate, polyethylene glycol 6000, talc).

DOSAGE FORM: Effervescent tablet.

PRESENTATION: Box of 4 strips x 4 effervescent tablets.

ACTIONS: Paracetamol produces effective analgesia, antipyresis. The drug acts on the hypothalamic heat-regulating center to produce antipyresis; heat dissipation is increased as a result of vasodilation and increased peripheral blood flow. Paracetamol lowers body temperature in patients with fever but rarely lowers normal body temperature. With therapeutic doses, the analgesic, antipyretic effects of paracetamol are similar to those of aspirin. Paracetamol appears to have little effect on cardiovascular and respiratory system, causes no acid - base balance, no gastric irritation, scratch, bleeding.

Paracetamol is rapidly and completely absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract. The elimination half-life of paracetamol varies from about 1.25 to 3 hours. Paracetamol is metabolized predominantly by the liver and excreted by the kidney.

INDICATIONS: - Treatment of painful symptoms in cases of headache, migraine, toothache, aches and pains caused by flu, sore throat, musculoskeletal pains, arthritis-induced pains, pains after vaccination or tooth extraction.

- Antipyretic actions on patients with cold or diseases associated with fever.

CONTRAINDICATIONS: Hypersensitivity to any component of the drug. Patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.

SPECIAL WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS FOR USE:

Individuals with phenylketonuria and other individuals who must restrict their intake of phenylalanine should be advised no concurrent administration of paracetamol and aspartame-containing food or drugs. Patients with hypersensitivity (asthma) should not use concurrently paracetamol and sulfite-containing food or drugs. Use with caution in patients with previous anemia, hepatic and renal impairments.

Because chronic, excessive consumption of alcohol may increase the risk of paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity; it is advised to avoid chronic ingestion of alcohol.

The physician should warn patients of serious signs of skin reactions such as Steven-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) or Lyell’s syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP).

PREGNANCY AND LACTATION:

Safety of paracetamol on foetus has not determined when administered to pregnant women. Therefore, the drug should be only used in pregnant women if clearly needed. Studies in breast-feeding mothers show that paracetamol does not cause any adverse effect at nursing infants

EFFECTS ON ABILITY TO DRIVE AND USE MACHINES:

The drug does not affect the possibility of driving and using machines.

INTERACTIONS: Chronic ingestion of large doses of paracetamol has been reported to potentiate the effects of coumarin- and indandione-derivative anticoagulants. The possibility of severe hypothermia should be considered in patients receiving concomitant phenothiazine and antipyretic therapy. Anticonvulsants (including phenytoin, barbiturates, carbamazepine), isoniazid, and antituberculosis agents may increase paracetamol-induced liver toxicity. Excessive consumption of alcohol may increase the risk of paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity.

ADVERSE EFFECTS: Uncommonly: rash; nausea, vomiting; rephropathy, renal toxicity due to long-term abuse; neutropenia, pancytopenia, anemia.

Rarely: hypersensitive reactions

Inform your physician about any adverse effects occur during the treatment.

OVERDOSAGE: Paracetamol toxicity may result from a single toxic dose, from repeated ingestion of large doses of paracetamol (e.g. 7.5 - 10 g daily for 1 - 2 days), or from chronic ingestion of the drug. Dose-dependent, hepatic necrosis is the most serious acute toxic effect associated with overdosage and potentially fatal.

Symptoms of paracetamol overdosage include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, cyanosis on skin, mucosa, and nails.

In severe poisoning, mild stimulation, excitement, and delirium may occur initially. This may be followed by CNS depression; stupor; hypothermia; marked prostration; rapid, shallow breathing; rapid, weak, irregular pulses; low blood pressure; and circulatory failure.

Treatment: Early diagnosis is very important in treatment of paracetamol overdosage.

In the event of severe paracetamol intoxication, full supportive measures should also be instituted. Gastric lavage should be carried out especially if the overdose was taken within the previous 4 hours.

The main detoxication therapy is use of sulfhydryl compound. N-acetylcysteine gives its effect followed by oral route or an intravenous infusion.

Methionine, activated charcoal and/or salt cleaners are also used to treat overdose.

DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION: Dissolve the effervescent tablet in some water until bubbling completely. The interval between oral doses should be over 4 hours and do not take more than 8 tablets daily.

Adults and children aged > 12 years orally take 1 tablet.

In case of severe pain, adults may be given 2 tablets.

Or as prescribed by the physician.

Notes:

* Maximum dose/24 hours:

For children, the dosage should not exceed 5 times daily.

* Prolonged self-administration should not be advised. Ask a physician if:

- new symptoms occur.

- fever gets worse (39.50C) and lasts for more than 3 days, or recurs.

- pain gets worse or lasts for more than 5 days.

Read the directions carefully before use

Consult the physician for more information     

Shelf-life: 24 months from the manufacturing date.

Storage conditions: Store in dry places, not exceeding 30oC, protect from light.

Specifications: Manufacturer's.

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